nature finance

The State of Finance for Nature 2022

Time to act: Doubling investment by 2025 and eliminating nature-negative finance flows


The State of Finance for Nature (SFN) 2022 report quantifies public and private finance flows to nature-based solutions (NbS) to tackle global challenges related to biodiversity loss, land degradation, and climate change.

Current investments are compared to investment needed to meet targets of the Rio Conventions under the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (UNCBD), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). This report is the second in a series that aims to inform public and private actors about progress against key targets and the extent to which finance flows are aligned with global targets and the investment needed to limit global warming to below 1.5 or 2°C, halt biodiversity loss and achieve land degradation neutrality. It also provides high-level recommendations on how to scale up financial flows to NbS and improve alignment with nature-positive outcomes.


Key messages


  • Finance flows to NbS are currently US$154 billion per year, less than half of the US$384 billion per year investment in NbS needed by 2025 and only a third of the investment needed by 2030
  • With sufficient finance, NbS provide the means to cost-effectively reach climate, biodiversity, and land degradation neutrality targets
  • If we rapidly double finance flows to NbS, we can halt biodiversity loss and significantly contribute to reducing emissions
  • It is critical to rapidly align policies, regulations, economic activity, and financial flows with biodiversity values and with the Paris Agreement


Visit the UN Environmental Programme website for more information.

Publisher: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

Language: English

Year: 2022

Ecosystem(s): Forests

Location(s): Global

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