Concern about the environment has moved decisively from niche to mainstream. Although carbon markets are coming up to speed, shareholders are asking business to become carbon neutral, massive tree planting campaigns have started, and circular economic thinking is taking off, the current attempts to address the biodiversity and climate crisis continue to fail. We need a common language and new approaches, that inspire optimism, long-term solutions and systemic change at scale. All are inherent in rebuilding resilient living landscapes, our global life support system.
The 4 Returns Framework for landscape restoration is a practical tested system-change framework used by stakeholders to undertake a landscape approach. It seeks to balance competing stakeholder demands in a mosaic of different management approaches, to supply a full range of natural, social and economic returns.
Successful holistic landscape restoration is a long-term endeavour that only works if it is grounded and owned by the people in the landscape. Finding the balance between top-down decision and inclusive bottom-up approaches to ecosystem restoration is critical to success.
The 4 Returns Framework connects ecology, community values, spirit and culture, business and long-term economic sustainability at landscape level. It allows government, business and communities to co-create and deliver a common vision for a resilient landscape.
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Author: Dudley, N., Baker, C., Chatterton, P., Ferwerda, W.H., Gutierrez, V., Madgwick, J.
Keyword(s): biodiversity loss, bottom-up approaches, climate change, community-led restoration, development, ecology, economics, integrated landscape approaches, restoration, systemic change, UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration
Ecosystem(s): Wetlands and Peatlands, Forests, Agricultural Land, Oceans and Coasts, Mountains, Drylands and Rangelands