Unsustainable sourcing practices for agricultural value chains (e.g. coffee, cocoa, palm oil, soy) and increased demand for land and wood endanger the environment and livelihoods: forests and forest landscapes disappear and with them, the ecosystem functions that human well-being requires. In the long run, unsustainable sourcing practices will lead to a collapse of the agricultural production system as a result of environmental degradation and climate change.
It is estimated that global forest landscape restoration (FLR) targets, also promoted by the African Forest Landscape Restoration Initiative (AFR100), will need annual investments of $50 billion. Since financial resources from the public sector will be insufficient, the public sector will need to mobilize private sector investment and motivate its stakeholders to set up deforestation-free supply chains and sustainable landscape management practices. The jurisdictional approach offers a solution for sustainable production and income for rural communities as well as for private sector companies.