Biodiversity, on which humanity depends, is being lost at an unprecedented rate. And the diversity of human cultures which has sustained biodiversity for millennia is fast disappearing. In 2021, governments will agree a new set of post-2020 targets for addressing biodiversity loss. To be effective and equitable, these targets must recognise the central role of Indigenous peoples and local communities (IPLCs) as the custodians of around 80% of the world’s biodiversity. This policy briefing discusses how community-led approaches such as Indigenous biocultural heritage territories (BCHTs) are vital to achieving both Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) post-2020 targets and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and can help avoid negative social impacts often associated with state-run protected areas.
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