In recent years, considerable progress has been made in the area of Nature-based Solutions (NbS) that improve ecosystem functions of environments and landscapes affected by agricultural practices and land degradation, while enhancing livelihoods and other social and cultural functions. This has opened up a portfolio of NbS options that offer a pragmatic way forward for simultaneously addressing conservation, climate and socioeconomic objectives while maintaining healthy and productive agricultural systems.
This literature review incorporates the application of NbS in agricultural landscapes that contribute to reducing negative trade-offs between sustainable production and conservation objectives. Specifically, this review provides a synthesis of literature covering NbS applications in agricultural landscapes to achieve co-benefits in production, climate action (disaster risk reduction, adaptation, and mitigation, and conservation of land, water and biodiversity.
Author: F. Miralles-Wilhelm and T. Iseman
Publisher: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO); The Nature Conservancy
Keyword(s): agricultural systems, agriculture, biodiversity, climate action, climate change adaptation, climate change mitigation, conservation, development, disaster risk reduction, food security, livelihoods, nature-based solutions (NbS), nature-positive production
Ecosystem(s): Agricultural Land