This paper develops a broad framework to conceptualize the multiple ways forests contribute to poverty reduction and inform interventions in forest landscapes. The paper identifies five key strategies for reducing poverty in forest landscapes: (a) improvements in the productivity of forest land and labour; (b) strengthened community, household, and women’s rights over forests and land; (c) regional complementary investments in institutions, infrastructure, and public services that facilitate poverty reduction for the forest poor; (d) increased access to markets for timber or non-timber forest products; and (e) mechanisms that enhance and enable the flow of benefits from forest ecosystem services to the poor. The practical utility of the framework is tested through a portfolio review of forestry lending by the World Bank Group, the largest public investor in the forestry sector. The paper concludes with a discussion of some key issues that need to be addressed for forest-related investments in poverty reduction to succeed.
Author: Priya Shyamsundar, Sofia Ahlroth, Patricia Kristjanson and Stefanie Onder
Publisher: World Bank Programme on Forests (PROFOR)
Keyword(s): ecosystem services, forests, poverty, Poverty alleviation, poverty reduction, restoration, rights